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Approaching the serpentine factor at a local scale-a study in an ultramafic area in Northern Greece

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ΤίτλοςApproaching the serpentine factor at a local scale-a study in an ultramafic area in Northern Greece
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsTsiripidis, I., Papaioannou A., Sapounidis V., & Bergmeier E.
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume329
Pagination35-50
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0032079X
Λέξεις κλειδιάAlyssum, Alyssum chalcidicum, dicotyledon, environmental factor, Greece, Heavy metal, Heavy metals, Plant communities, plant community, serpentine, Serpentine vegetation, ultramafic rock, variance analysis, Variance partitioning
Abstract

We explore factors responsible for vegetation differentiation in a small-scale serpentine area, and attempt to provide new insights in the complexity of the serpentine factor at community level. We sampled 49 quadrats. From each quadrat physical and chemical soil parameters were measured and species composition, altitude, inclination, aspect and coordinates were recorded. Quadrats were classified and ordination analyses were used to explore the environmental gradients and to estimate the explanatory power of the variables. Generalized linear models were used to investigate the response of species to environmental factors. Variance partitioning was applied to calculate the proportion of variance attributed to different groups of explanatory variables. The gradients revealed were related to soil texture, nutrient contents, calcium deficiency, chromium content, climatic parameters and grazing and disturbance intensity. Variance partitioning showed that the highest proportions of variance were attributed to the nutrients and physiographic (including soil texture) variables, while smaller but notable proportions of variance were attributed to geographical coordinates and to metal contents. Our study shows that vegetation differentiation at a local scale is determined by a complex factor of soil properties and climatic parameters, together with variation in disturbance and succession.

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