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Essential oil composition of Greek (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum) and Turkish (O. onites) oregano: A tool for their distinction

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ΤίτλοςEssential oil composition of Greek (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum) and Turkish (O. onites) oregano: A tool for their distinction
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsKokkini, S., Karousou R., Hanlidou E., & Lanaras T.
JournalJournal of Essential Oil Research
Volume16
Pagination334-338
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number10412905
Λέξεις κλειδιάborneol, carvacrol, Composition, Essential oil composition, Essential oils, Fruits, gas chromatography, Greek oregano, Lamiaceae, Magnoliophyta, Origanum onites, Origanum vulgare, Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum, P-cymene, Plants (botany), thymol, Turkish oregano, Volatile organic compounds
Abstract

Aiming to find out if any distinction between the Greek (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum) and Turkish oregano (O. onites) essential oils exists, the composition of six wild Greek populations of the former and four of the latter taxon were analyzed by means of GC and GC/MS. A PCA analysis showed that Turkish oregano oils had higher amounts of sabinene, myrcene, γ-terpinene, borneol and carvacrol, and Greek oregano oils had higher p-cymene content. The latter were further divided into two subgroups, distinguished respectively by their thymol and carvacrol content. A comparison of our results with the published information showed that p-cymene percentages > 14% and/or thymol > 6% is found only in Greek oregano, while borneol content > 2% is found only in Turkish oregano oils.

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